Alexander Bustamante
Alexander Bustamante
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The Jamaica Labour Party (JLP)

Although Bustamante supported his cousin Norman Manley as he launched the People's National Party (PNP) in 1938, he had his differences with the party's leadership, and in 1939 he resigned from the PNP, claiming the party was too radical.

In July 1943, Bustamante formally launched the Jamaica Labour Party (JLP), which some say was merely a political label for his Bustamante Industrial Trades Union.

Bustamante and the JLP ramped up its preparations for Jamaica's first general election under universal adult suffrage. The general election was held on December 14, 1944, and the JLP basically annihilated the PNP, winning 22 seats in the 32-member House of Representatives. The PNP won 4 seats, and independent candidates won 6 seats.

Bustamante won the Western Kingston constituency by a huge majority, a political seat that continues to vote for a JLP representative, even to this day.

Over the years, the JLP legacy has continued, and it remains one of the two major political parties in Jamaica (the other being the PNP).

DID YOU KNOW ... that Sir Alexander Bustamante was the only Jamaican to be declared a national hero while still alive. In 1970 he was declared one of Jamaica's national heroes. He was 93 years old when he died on August 6, 1977.




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